Historic News Clippings
Page 5

Audience Check 

The second annual study of radio audience in Modesto and Turlock has been completed by the Modesto Junior College radio workshop, and results have been sent to broadcasters by the survey director, Edward L. Mc Clarty.  A total of 7,229 calls was made over a two week period in Modesto and 1,425 were made during one week in Turlock. All calls were made between 6 and 10 PM Monday through Friday.  In Modesto, 4,655 calls were completed, of whom 2,077 said they were listening to the radio In Turlock, 867 calls were completed, of whom 398 were tune in. 

Television Queries  For the first time questions on television were asked In both cities, and McClarty said the findings were significant. During the survey, 5.6 percent of those called in Modesto said they owned TV sets. As high as 94 per cent of the TV owners were watching their sets on one night . The low for viewers was 46 per cent. McClarty compared this to radio listenership, which  showed a high of 52 percent sets  in use and a low of 39 per cent. He said the survey showed that only four radio stations serving Modesto had higher weekly audiences than combined TV stations  Expected Changes 

There were some expected changes in audience from last year, McClarty said, due to television, a new station in Modesto and changes in programming by major networks, but the same general pattern was observed. One thing the survey confirmed was that programming is the greatest Influence on dialing stations, and the audience will change stations to listen to programs they choose. McClarty  said this was true In television, too, but reception here was as Important a factor.  Increase In FM Receivers  The survey disclosed 17 per cent Increase In FM receivers Last year 25.8 per cent said they had FM.  30.2. this year.  

There  were about 30 students who participated In the studies. They  were given training in the  technique and theory of radio  audience measurement and will be able to apply their findings to their own  station's programming,  McClarty said.  Students averaged 37 calls per half hour interviewing period. McClarty said students credited much of the success of their study to the assistance given them by telephone company  personnel. 

Call Letters Are Given for
Modesto's New Station 

Call letters of Modesto's newest AM radio station are KBOX. They were assigned the Stanislaus County Broadcasters by the Federal Communications Com- mission. John Boyer, director of public  relations for KBOX, said the station is scheduled to be on the air around June 1st.

Construction of a downtown studio, on Tenth near O Street, will start  in a few days. It will be of modern architecture. Off street parking areas will be provided. Transmitter site of KBOX is on the Sylvan Road. There will be three transmitter towers. The station's signal will come in on  970 on the standard radio dials.  Boyer said all necessary equipment and materials have been acquired.


Bill Bates prior to building KTRB Modesto owned and operated a radio repair shop in the Covell building in downtown Modesto from 1925 to 1928 .  This ad appeared on Nov. 21, 1926.
October 3, 1942
Modesto had several "air conditioned" movie theaters in the 40's and 50's including the Princess.  (June 19, 1945.)


Emergency Radio
Blackout Plan Is
Ready To Operate

an emergency plan for radio stations
designed to confuse enemy
aircraft, is ready today to operate
throughout California, state
Civil Defense headquarters an
nounced. One hundred nine of the
state's 150 standard radio stations
are equipped to change to emergency
frequencies — 640 and 1240 on
the dial— if an attack warning is
sounded. The OCD said 20 more
will be added soon.

Prevent Attacks

Conelrad, which means control
of electromagnetic radiation, is
supposed to prevent enemy pilots
from being guided to targets by
radio beams. During its use, FM
and TV stations shut down and
Conelrad equipped stations broadcast
information on the two
special frequencies.

Radio Listings in Modesto Bee in 1953

NOTICE— If your radio programs are
Interrupted and you hear the
announcement "This is a conelrad
radio alert." turn your set to 640 kcs
or 1240 kcs tor civil defense

KBEE-FM................103.3 Megacycles
KFRC ................... 610  Kilocycles
KCBS....................740  Kilocycles
KNBC................... 680  Kilocycles
KMOD ................. 1360 Kilocycles
KTRB................... 860  Kilocycles
KBOX................... 970  Kilocycles

Note: KBEE is a frequency modulation
station. It operate! daily from 10 AM to
11 PM, The station cannot be received on
sets containing only AM standard radio


(See story on Conelrad 4)

Attorney Ralph Brown
Files Permit For TV
Station In Modesto

Ralph M. Brown, Modesto attorney,
today made formal application
for Federal Communications
Commission for a television station
here. Brown applied for channel 14
an ultra high frequency station
which would require modification
of most television sets now
in service. One other application,
filed by a San Franciscan, has
been made for the only station
to be permitted in Modesto.
The application was made in

Brown's name, Independent of
radio station KBOX, of which he
is an owner. However, Brown
said present studios of KBOX
were designed with television in
mind. Plans call for a television
antenna near the city if his
application is approved.

Brown has no idea when the
applications will be acted upon
since Modesto is No. 302 on the
list of city TV priorities and the
FCC now is holding hearings on
No 56.

Two local radio stations,
KMOD and KTRB, indicated they
are considering applying for
channel 14 but have not yet made
formal application.

News Briefs

Radio Broadcasting Company of
Turlock, (KTUR)  to construct a one story
building and two radio towers on
Quincy Avenue, between Tuolumne
and Hawkeye Avenues, one and
one quarter miles northeast of Turlock.

FCC Authorizes
Radio Station  KTUR

TURLOCK, April 7, 1949 The Turlock
Broadcasting Company has been
given authority by the Federal
Communications Commission
for a new standard radio station
here. The Associated Press reported
from Washington, DC, the station
will operate on 1390 kilocycles, one
kilowatt, for an unlimited time.
The radio station was organized
approximately three years ago by
several local businessmen under
the name of Turlock Broadcasting

FM Permit Lapses

A request for a standard  AM
permit was turned down at the
time and subsequent requests also
were denied.
Last year, an FM   frequency
modulation permit was issued to
the group, but the permit was allowed
to lapse as the members did
not wish to operate an FM station
without the regular broadcasting
facilities also. The radio station call letters
will be KTUR.  Partners in the enterprise .are
Wallace Lindskoog. August Linbloom,
Linda Boone, Elmer Hyer,
Herbert Lindgrery, Gordon Mowrer
and Gilbert Moody. 
Moody is attorney for the group,
and H. A. MacMillan is business

Purchase Tower

Moods reported the station will
be located on the Glaze ranch on
Quincy Road, a half mile east of
the Denair Highway. The towers
were purchased last year, but other
equipment and buildings still are
He said the group will not seek
an FM permit at the present time.
Moody estimated it will be at
least four months before station
KTUR will be in operrationn. He said
arrangements will begin as
soon as a Civil Aeronautics Admini
istration permit is obtained in regard
to the erection of transmission towers.

New Radio Station (KBOX)
Is Planned Here 

Modesto soon will have a new standard radio station in operation. The Federal Communications Commission in Washington, DC announced today it has given final construction grant to Stanislaus County Broadcasters, Inc. The FCC's grant affirms findings of  the hearing examiner's decision of  September 28th, 1950. The owners, all Modestans, are Assemblyman Ralph M. Brown, Harold Bowen, Cecil Lynch and his father, G. A. Lynch. The station will operate at 970 kilocycles, one kilowatt, unlimited time. Its call letters have not yet been assigned.

The owners said much of the equipment already has been purchased. They plan to have the station on the air in two or three months. The transmitter site towers, etc., have been obtained.  Downtown Studios  Main studios will be downtown. Several locations and under consideration. Company spokesmen said plans call for complete entertainment, news, sports and special events coverage in the Stanislaus district Cecil Lynch, long connected with the radio industry, is expected to be in the managerial capacity.  When it goes on the air it will fourth Modesto radio station in Stanislaus County. 


First Television
Station In SF Is
Near Completion

San Francisco  Nov. 11, 1948 
The first television station in
Northern California, station KPIX
will begin transmitting commercial
broadcasts from the top of the
Mark Hopkins Hotel in San Francisco
about the middle of December.
Philip G. Lasky, vice president
and general manager of the station,
said the station, owned by
Associated Broadcasters, will be a
sister to radio station KSFO and
will start testing operations on its
assigned channel 5 late this
month. The KPIX antenna, five tons or
steel, was constructed after being
hoisted up the outside of the Mark
Hopkins piece by piece. KPIX  will
be the first station in the area west
of Salt Lake City between Los Angeles
and Seattle.

County Hospital Radio Station Is Dedicated

Bed ridden patients of the Stanislaus County Hospital now officially have their own private radio station KSCH.  program of instrumental vocal music Saturday was part dedicatory proceeding in which local civic and religious leaders participated. The program heard in the hospital through loudspeakers placed throughout the wards.  Ceremony In Held  The dedication ceremony staged in the court between Unit 1 and 2, in the rear of the hospital. The invocation was given Rev. William R. Baird. 'H. V. Maloney hospital administrator, introduced representatives of fraternal and religious organizations.

The benediction was given by Rev. John C. Mills. Floyd Allen, on behalf of hospital staff,  presented the recently acquired public address system to  Leo Hammett, chairman the county board of supervisors. The system was acquired through proceeds of a dance sponsored the Stanislaus County Hospital Patients Entertainment Committee and through public contributions. Daily hospital wide entertainment over the station is planned, Combining  live talent and radio shows. All wards have been wired and earphones soon are to be installed. 


New KXOB Owner Will Push For Stockton TV

STOCKTON—The new owner of radio station KXOB here, Joseph E. Gamble of Palm Springs, will push the station's application for a Stockton television license. The station applied in the middle of 1952 for a very high frequency station on channel 13. Other applicants were KGDM and Radio Diablo. Gamble's purchase must be approved by the Federal Communications Commission. Gamble purchased KXOB From Clem J. Randau, who did not announce his future plans.  

The Modesto Drive-In was located on the eastside of McHenry Ave. just south of  Claratina / Pelendale  intersection.
Downey HS Students Will  Push ‘On The Air’ button  tomorrow

   The final tests have been  made, the transmitter is operating  properly and the broadcasters  have their scripts ready.  Radio station KDHS at Downey  High School, will go on the air for  the first time at 9 a.m. to-  morrow.   One of the few high school  radio stations the country,  KDHS, 90.5 on the radio dial,  will feature campus news, Downey  High School sports, features,  much much more music without  Commercials  according to  its promotional brochure.     Regular broadcasting will, be  2:30 to 7  pm Monday through  Friday, but the first' three days  will be a 12 hour operation,  from 9  a.m. to 9 p.m. to introduce  the station to students. 

KDHS is licensed by the Federal  Communications Commission  and will be, governed by  of Education policy and the student  dent council.  It will have a transmission  range of from 3 to 10 miles,  depending on the receiver, covering  a general area bounded  by Riverbank Road to the north  Wellsford Road to the east, Carpenter Road to the west, and Whitmore Avenue on the south.   Cost of the station is about  $2,500 per year. 

The student  council will pay all costs of  equipment purchase, installation  and operation.  Members of the staff are Gary Copeland,   station manager; Vicki McGhee, program  director; Jeff Cree, chief engineer.   Joanne Stotts, news director;  Monroe McBride, traffic  manager; Jeff Landon,  sports director;  Forest Carmichael  music director and Jelyn Gaskell, council  representative.  The station, originally was scheduled  to begin operating last spring but was delayed because of technical difficulties.

September 4, 1969
KBEE Will Start Broadcasts 
Of Reds Games Tomorrow

Necessary facilities for broadcasting all games played this season  by the Modesto Reds have been installed by KBEE, the Bee's  new frequency modulation radio station. The out of town games will be carried either direct or by recreation.  Lee Kelter, an experienced baseball announcer who has had wide experience in the Northwest, has been engaged to voice the home  games and will handle the recreations on Reds' games played In  other cities. 

Until Kelter arrives In Modesto, Bert Barry of the KFBK staff  In Sacramento will broadcast the Reds' first three home games,  April 27th, 28th and 28th and will do the-Modesto-San Jose series  in San Jose on remote April 30th, May 1st and 2nd,  Kelter will be on hand for the Reds-Stockton Ports series opening May 4th.   


Museum Ed note:  Are your old enough to remember the days when some baseball games, especially out-of-town games,  were RECREATED in local radio station studios?   Baseball fans who grew up listening to games on the radio may be familiar with the term RECREATED or RECREATION.   In recreating a game in studio a printed account of a game would be received by Western Union teletype and turned into a play-by-play description of the action at the ballpark.  The entire game would take place in the broadcasting studio.   The teletype machine feed would be  activated shortly before game time, bringing information about starting lineups, umpires, and weather conditions.  
   To listeners, the games seemed much the same with only a critical ear noticing vague differences in background sounds. To the broadcaster, however, they were the contrast between the breezes of the ballpark and the confinement of a studio and the challenge of the recreator to describe it.  In order to make the listeners feel more at home  stations would provide recorded crowd noise in the background.   A small wooden mallet striking a suspended baseball in the studio would simulate the sound of the ball striking the bat at the game among other sound effects.
Broadcasting Home Represents
Last Word In Acoustical Engineering

  KWG, the McClatchy Broadcasting Company's radio station in Stockton  and the second oldest station on the Pacific Coast,  goes on the air Monday from new and modern metropolitan studios on top of the Wolf Hotel in the San Joaquin County city. Boasting of a long record of public service KWG will dedicate their new home simultaneously with its switch over to the National Broadcasting Company network and its affiliation with the newly formed California Radio System. 

The Last Word 

The new Stockton studios represent the last word in acoustical engineering and design occupying the major part of the area on the roof  of the hotel which once was devoted to a roof garden. There are two studios, the largest being for broadcasts by orchestral groups. Between the studios is a control room, so arranged  that the operator can monitor  programs from either room, 

One Side Of Glass

  One side of the large studio is composed entirely of glass over which hang full length drapes. A lobby opening off the elevator provides additional spaces for visitors desirous of watching the actual broadcast of programs. The studios are decorated tastefully in soft tones, one being done in a light green with a border of 1 inch darker green and the other studio being finished in cream with hangings of chocolate brown. 

Acoustics Outstanding 

The acoustical treatment is outstanding.  Four inches of  loose rock wool was laid behind perforated acoustical board. The floors are padded with special acoustical padding, over which has been placed a rubber composition flooring, designed to deaden sound.   Complete new speech  input  equipment has beer. Installed, giving KWG the finest modern system science can provide. 

Long Service Record  

KWG has a long record of public service  in Stockton and has been  leader in public activities since its inception. Broadcasting facilities  have been offered by the station to educational, fraternal and social groups, and these organizations now will have available the new facilities of KWG. The studios were designed especially for use as a meeting place for these groups.


Modestan Buys Sonora
Radio Station KROG

McClatchy Newspapers Service
SONORA — After almost a quarter of a century in radio work where there "was no time for religion," Kenneth Randolph, owner of the Sonora station KROG, has turned his energies to religious work. Randolph made public the sale of his station, located on a hill east of Sonora, yesterday.

The new owner is Brewster E. Ferrel, 1216 Sunrise Avenue, Modesto. He has no radio experience, Randolph explained, but will operate the station through a "well trained staff."

Axis Sally Is
Given Prison Sentence

WASHINGTON -  Mildred E. (Axis Sally) Gillars today was sentenced to 10 to 30 years in prison for treason. Federal Judge Edward M. Curran also fined her $10,000. Loss of citizenship is automatic on conviction of treason. Miss Gillars, 48 year old Maine born woman, was convicted March 10th. Sentence was delayed until her attorneys could argue motions for a new trial. Just before passing sentence, Judge Curran denied these motions.

Miss Gillars was convicted of eight alleged treasonable acts on which the government offered evidence. The government charged the broadcasts were beamed to Americans at home and abroad as part of Nazi propaganda and as an instrument of psychological warfare. 

March 25, 1949

Modestans Plan Radio
Station In Fresno

John H. Schacht and John E. Griffin of Modesto yesterday applied to  the Federal Communications Commission in Washington, DC for a license to operate a 250  watt, 1340 kilocycles, unlimited time radio station in Fresno. Schacht is general manager and owner of 50 per cent of KMOD in Modesto and Griffin owns 25 per cent interest in the local station. They would be joint owners of the proposed Fresno station. The license application was made in the name of the Griffin-Schacht Broadcasting Company. Schacht said the proposed station would be operated as in independent Programming would feature news, music and sports and special coverage of local events. 

Radio Stations Outfox
'Enemy’ Aircraft Attack
By Henry Logeman 

ABOARD PLANE "ATTACKING" NEW YORK —UP — The nation's radio stations outfoxed the "enemy" today in a test of a new emergency broadcasting system for civilian defense. The pilot of this air force C47 plane bearing down on a mock target in the New York area could not obtain a bearing on a single radio 'station to plot his position although 11 transmitters were pouring signals into the air. The C47 was taking part in the first nationwide test of CONELRAD, the new system to provide civilians with radio information in case of air attack while at the same time denying enemy planes, a navigational "fix" or chance to "home" in on radio transmitters.

Full Evaluation

Throughout the nation in the early-hours today scores of pilots, hundreds of civilian defense workers and some 1,250 radio stations joined in staging the test. The pilots will submit their findings to the Federal Communications Commission in Washington for a full evaluation of the test.

If what happened aboard this plane flying over Long Island was repeated around the country, the unique defense plan can be relied upon to fool the enemy. Instruments which ordinarily would allow an air navigator to "home" on a target by following the-broadcast signals of radio stations failed to be of help when the C47 made a 76 minute flight around Long Island.

A  switch from one transmitting station to another, so-swift that a home listener tuned to the frequency could detect no interruption in the common program being broadcast by all the stations foiled the plane's radio direction finder.

Four Earlier Tests

CONELRAD, which stands for control of electro-magnetic radiation, was originated by the FCC and has been given four previous tests on a regional scale since June, 1951, according to Joseph Eichel, FCC supervisor and liaison representative for the 26th air division of the Eastern Air Defense Force. Aboard the test plane the commander, Captain John W Wilkin  of Tuolumne County, Calif. showed newsmen the result on the plane's  radio direction finder. With the radio tuned to one of the CONELRAD frequencies 640 or 1240 kilocycles, the direction needle jumped constantly back and forth as each station went on and off the air.  

93 California Stations
Join In Nationwide Test

SACRAMENTO— AP — Ninety three California radio .stations left their regular channels from 130 to 430 AM  today and switched to other points on the dial to broadcast civil defense information. That is what they would do in the event of an enemy air attack so as not to give directional help to enemy airplane

Sepetember 16, 1953

College Reactivates
Amateur Radio Station 

Activation of amateur radio station W6CJB on the Modesto Junior College was announced by Roy Long, president of the campus radio club. Earlier  this week authorization  for an Amateur station License was received from the Federal  Communications Commission. The club transmitter, obtained from war surplus has a power 200  watts. The station is licensed under the name of Sydney Voight, club advisor.

Modesto Bee Radio
Plan Of McClatchy 

The McClatchy Broadcasting Company today filed with the  Federal Communications Commission an application for a license to operate a radio station in Modesto.  McClatchy Broadcasting owned by  McClatchy Newspapers, which publishes The Modesto Bee, now operates stations In Sacramento, Stockton, Fresno, Bakersfield and Reno. This new station will be known as The Modesto Bee radio station.

The application Is for a 250 watt regular standard box broadcast station with a frequency of 1600 kilocycles. With the filing of the application It was announced the Federal Communications Commission, for the period of the war at least, was only granting licenses for stations with power of 250 watts or less, but that if this application Is granted,, it is the intention of the McClatchy Broadcasting Company improve these facilities as much as possible after the war.

The site for the transmitter and studios have not been selected, but this action will be taken as soon as the application is granted. 

Plan For FM Station

The McClatchy Broadcasting also plans to apply for an FM (frequency modulation) station for Modesto as soon as the necessary data can be prepared. The Federal Communications Commission, however, is not granting FM licenses, but it is desirable to file this application in order that actual construction can begin as soon after the war as possible.  Fine Service Promised  Eleanor McClatchy.. president of the company announced it Is the same fine radio service which is presently being rendered  to other communities served and particularly in those communities  where a  radio station is operated with a newspaper, such as in Fresno and Sacramento.  Miss McClatchy said.

Turlock High School receives
nod on FM radio station

  TURLOCK - The Federal Communications Commission yesterday issued Turlock High School a construction permit for a noncommercial educational FM radio station operating on 90.9 MHz.  School officials said a portion of a classroom in the speech building is being remodeled to house the station.

They said they must obtain an FCC broadcasting permit after the broadcasting facility has been completed and approved. The station will be manned by students, tentatively from 3 to 10 p.m. weekdays, with music, sports, news and special events programming. School officials hope the station will be ready to begin broadcasting when the spring semester begins in February.



THS will start broadcasting

KBDG-FM, a student operated 10-watt radio station, will commence broadcasting Monday for the first time on a regular basis as part of a Regional Occupational Program communications course at Turlock High School. The school obtained its broadcasting permit and identification letters — an abbreviated form of Bulldogs, the school's nickname — earlier this year from the Federal Communications Commission. It will be noncommercial.

Listeners will find the station at 90.9 on the FM dial within a radius of 12 miles from the campus broadcasting tower. Initial programming will consist of contemporary music and news of campus activities between 2 and 5 p.m. weekdays. In addition, the station will air "Bulldog" sports news at 4 p.m. daily and provide play-by-play coverage of frosh football games with future plans for on-the-spot coverage of junior varsity football and varsity basketball games, according to program officials.

KCEY, a local commercial radio station, will continue to broadcast evening varsity football games.   Coordinator Jud Shelton said students preparing to obtain their third class radio operators' permits will be able to run the station under the supervision of course instructor Jack Heald and senior Mark Douglas, both licensed by the FCC.

Heald, who has 20 years experience in broadcasting, has a first class operators permit, while Douglas, who serves as general manager of the station, recently obtained a third class permit. Shelton said as more students become licensed the station will expand its hours of operation from three hours to eight hours a day on a Monday through Friday schedule. Four students have applications pending for third class operator's permits with the FCC, Shelton pointed out.

There currently are two adults and 27 high school students enrolled in the communications program, which concentrates primarily on equipping them with job-entry skills in the areas of station management, electronics, engineering, production an sales.

A major aspect of the new station is its ability to provide exposure to professional radio production through practical application. The students are required to attend regular classroom instruction, applying what they have learned to the actual production of radio programming, Shelton noted. He said students completing the course should be able to obtain third class operator's licenses, a prerequisite in most cases to landing jobs in the field. Several licensed volunteers from the community have been enlisted by the school district to serve with Heald as advisors for the student station. 


Patterson Is Picked
For FM Station (KOSO-FM)

Within a few months this city may be the home of a maximum power frequency modulation stereo radio station. Robert B. Cooper, Jr., of Modesto, one of four investors in the Sierra Pacific Radio Corporation, last night told the city council of plans to construct a 70,000 watt transmitter on nearby Mt. Oso.

Cooper said the FM signal would be sent from a downtown studio here to the transmitter, which would blanket a 200 mile segment of the San Joaquin Valley from its 3,100 foot elevation. Cooper appeared with John J. Markovich and Attorney Ronald L. LaForce, both also of Modesto, to request use of the city owned Plaza Building as a broadcasting studio and office.

The other investor is  is Gary Dean Suggs of Phoenix, Ariz. Cooper said the propose transmitter nine miles north west of here would be capable of serving the area between Fresno and Sacramento with background type music, news and some advertising.  He emphasized the pro ramming would be in an adult  format with no rock and roll type music and a limited amount of commercials.  

News would include area as well a world coverage via Associate Press Audio News Service. He said the station would broadcast 18 hours a day at the start and 24 hours as soon possible, all in stereo multiplex. A staff of nine to 12 persons would be employed and Suggs would be the station manager and program director. He is a former Modesto radio station employee who now manages station KXIV in Phoenix. 

Cooper said the firm has applied for a Federal Communications Commission permit to build its Mt. Oso equipment and approval is expected within 90 days. He said it would take another 30 to 45 days to construct  and equip the studio.


MRM Editor's Note- The station referred to in this article would eventually become KOSO at 93.1 MHz)
Pastor Complains Against
Not So Heavenly Music    (KHOM-FM TURLOCK)

McClatchv Newspaper Service 

TURLOCK—City planners were faced with an unusual complaint yesterday; a local pastor declared music from on high, so to speak, interferes with his sermons. Actually, the music is not from very high — only 100 feet. But the Rev. Robert Carrington of Bethel Temple does not want it to get any higher.

His problem is that radio station KHOM's 100 foot tall transmission tower on Lander Avenue is located behind his church.  Unwelcome Background  As a result, he said, the station's signal is so strong the church's loudspeaker system picks it up and often provides some unwelcome background music during his sermons.

Occasioning  Harrington's appearance before the planning commission was an application from the radio station to double the tower's height. Declaring the church has been put to considerable effort to minimize the problem, Carrington asked planners to stipulate that the station should be responsible for any further interference resulting from the increase in height.

An engineer who accompanied the pastor told the Turlock Planning Commission the higher tower would emit more "splatter radiation" which would again affect the church loudspeakers. He said the federal communications commission has control over radio interference with another radio station, but has no control over interference with private sound equipment.

However, the commission ruled it is not legally entitled to hold KHOM responsible for such interference, and that this is a matter for "private agreement or the courts". The planners granted the station's application to increase the radio tower height, subject to review after one year. The application still must be approved by the FCC and several other agencies before the tower can be built. 


Spanish FM station
will begin broadcast   (KITA-FM)

The Modesto area's first Spanish-language stereo radio station, KITA-FM, will begin broadcasting about Oct. 1, 1975  the station owners report. The federal license for the new FM stereo station was granted earlier this year to KITA Broadcasting Corp., owned by Robert and Jane Fenton and Adelita Morales.  Fenton, president of the corporation, also is president of Killibro Broadcasting Corp., which owns station KFIV in Modesto.

Mrs. Morales, who will be manager, said the station will have a news and music, format with Mexican and Latin music. Religious programming is planned after 9 p.m. except on Saturdays.  Broadcasting at 3.000 watts. KITA-FM will operate 18 hours a day, serving most of Stanislaus County and parts of San Joaquin and Merced Counties.

The station will be at 102.3 on the FM dial. Mrs. Morales will work as one of five announcers  on the station. Local, state and national news will be broadcast at 9:30 a.m. and 5:30 p.m. daily by David Santillan. The radio station offices are located in a mobile home adjacent to the KFIV station on East Orangeburg Avenue.   

Angeleno Buys Station
KFIV For $475,000

The sale of radio station KFIV to Robert Fenton of Los Angeles for $475,000 was announced today by Theodore J. Wolf and Judd Sturtevant of Modesto and A. J Krisik of Sacramento.   Transfer of the station will take place as soon as permission is obtained from the Federal Communications Commission. Fenton will move to Modesto shortly with his wife and children.

Regarding future plans for KFIV, Fenton who has been in  the radio business or many years, said: "KFIV has a superb record of serving this community and no changes in either staff or programming are contemplated." Sturdevant will remain as general manager while he, Wolf and Krisik will continue to own and operate stations in Sacramento, San Francisco, Klamath Falls, Ore., and Honolulu.

Fenton, who was with a major station In New York before moving to Los Angeles, is president of the Kilibro Broadcasting Corp. Other officers and directors are Jane Fenton Arnold Fenton.

Stanislaus State's
KGSS tests the airways 

If you flip the FM radio dial over to 91.9 late this week and hear a piping 4-year-old voice announce, "This is Radio Station KCSS," you have just been introduced to Melissa Anne Larsen and the new radio station at California State College, Stanislaus. Melissa's dad, Eric, 23, who is student station manager — at $100 a month, doesn't guarantee you will hear Melissa at any old station break, but he plans to use her on some of them. And the station definitely will be air-ready by the end of this week.

Besides Melissa — who plans to spend a lot of time with her single parent dad at the tiny classroom building cubby hole full of electronic equipment shared with the speech department — 20 other students will assist in evening broadcasting. "Broadcasting" may be a bit of a euphemism, since about as broad as a 10-watt transmitter can cast is saturation coverage of Turlock.

The reason behind the 10-watt limitation is that the Federal Communication Commission will allow operation of that small a station by unlicensed personnel. And so far, Eric is the only one of his crew with a third class license. But others will be able to earn their licenses through a three-unit course being conducted in conjunction with operation of the station. He plans programming — 6 p.m. to 2 a.m. weekdays and noon to 2 a.m. on weekends — which will run the gamut from hard rock through classical music and feature live drama, music and sports.

Planned also is a student-faculty "Bitch-in" — a regular campus complaint program. Larsen hopes eventually for a cable company hookup, which will allow live telecasts, using synchronized radio sound. But he is generally happier with radio — and he'd like to own a station one day. "There's really no imagination that goes into TV at the local level," he says. "Television (time) is so expensive, people would rather sponsor something they know (like network reruns) even if its garbage."


Valley's Fruit Crop Hinges
On A Voice In The Night 

A radio voice, familiar to hundreds of listeners in the San Joaquin Valley, returned to the air Tuesday night at 6:30. Nightly until the middle of May, Walter Hattman goes on the air directly over some radio stations and feeds information to other TV and radio stations and newspapers. But his audience has been paying little attention so far,  the weather has been too warm   But with the first cold snap Stanislaus, San Joaquin and Merced farmers will listen closely to Hattman's nightly forecasts. 

From Many Sites 

Based upon the information supplied by Hattman, a meteorologist of the U.S. Weather Bureau, farmers in the three counties can then decide whether go to bed for a good night sleep or set the alarm to light up smudge pots in almond and peach orchards in the middle of the night.

At 4 o'clock every afternoon, a teletype machine in his office at the Agricultural Extension Service in County Center No. 3 in Modesto starts clacking away, giving surface and upper air data from U.S. Weather Bureau observation throughout the U.S., and from stations in Canada and weather observation ships far at sea. 
The teletype machine receives information until 6 o'clock.

Meanwhile, Hattman is busy plotting the information on weather map and making his area analysis. At a few minutes past 6 p.m. he is ready to predict the temperatures for the Central Valley broadcasts through Fresno radio and TV stations in the south, Tracy in the west and Stockton in the north. Most stations carry the frost warnings three times nightly. He can tell almond, peach, grape and tomato growers at that hour during the night dangerous temperatures and killing frosts will occur and how long they will last. 

Growers Decide

Growers then decide whether  to fire up the smudge pots to keep the freezing temperatures away from delicate fruit buds.  Grape growers, who rarely use heat in their vineyards, may prepare to irrigate. The water will raise the temperature about four degrees, says Hattman which is often enough to prevent heavy damage. Irrigating is of little value in raising the temperature in tree fruit orchards, however.

Tree fruit, unlike grapes, is too high off the ground to benefit from the warmer water. 

Often Overlook

  Hattman said growers often tend to overlook the use of heaters after three or four years of warm winters. But, after three or four years of cold winters every grower keeps his heaters handy."  Besides preparing and feeding fruit frost information to radio and TV stations, Hattman maintains thermographs at 26 locations throughout his three-county area. The devices keep accurate records of temperatures 24 hours per day and record the temperatures on a roll  of graph paper. "When a grower is having problem and he thinks it is because of cool temperature durations, I can check the nearest thermograph and can tell exactly how many hours the temperature was down to such and such a degree."

Various Locations

Hattman, 50, joined the U.S Weather Bureau 25 years ago after working with weather data aboard Navy ships during World War II.    For 20 years, the bureau sent him from Washington, D.C. to Chicago, Il., and various other locations, including Guam and the Marianas Islands outside the U.S.  Hattman said he had heard about the bureau's Fruit Frost Service and asked to be asked to be assigned to it. He became a Californian five years ago. But still Hattman and his wife live something of a life which is anything but routine.

During the winter months, he is stationed in San Diego, where he gives frost warnings mainly for citrus and avocado crops during the late winter and spring.  About mid-February to mid-May, he comes to Modesto and then he completes the cycle in Sacramento where he makes weather analysis during the forest fire season. 

'No Real Home"

"We have no real home,' Hattman said. "We live in apartments at all three locations. Our friends are strung out all over the state. When Hattman and his wife change locations, it is like returning home, he said. "Our friends never seem to have changed much except that we just haven't seen them in a while." "Moving around like we do makes it very difficult to follow hobbies, so I have very few any more," Hattman said. "But the toughest thing about moving is there's always a number of loose ends to tie up at the old location and any number of preliminary things to take care of before opening up shop at the new one," he said. "That always makes for a rough first two or three weeks." 

Feb. 25, 1968

Court Upholds Judgment In Fatal Contest

SAN FRANCISCO (UPI) — The California Supreme Court has upheld a $300,000 judgment against a Los Angeles radio station that urged listeners to locate the auto of a disc jockey and receive $25. A motorist was killed during a high-speed chase that reached 80 miles an hour. "The risk of a high-speed automobile chase is the risk of death or serious injury."

Justice Stanley Mosk wrote in the unanimous decision Thursday against station KHJ. "Obviously, neither the entertainment afforded by the contest nor its commercial rewards can justify the creation of such a grave risk."

Two teenagers in search of disc jockey Don Steele Revert smashed into an auto driven by Ronald Weirum. Weirum's family sued the station for causing his "wrongful death." In the 1970 contest, the disc jockey drove around Los Angeles in a red car, broadcasting his whereabouts and urging listeners to find him so they could receive the cash prize.