THE NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE REPORTS THAT THE LOWEST TEMPERATURE
IN THE 48 CONTIGUOUS UNITED STATES THIS MORNING WAS ONE (-17 CELSIUS)
AT INTERNATIONAL FALLS, MINNESOTA. THE HIGH YESTERDAY WAS 75 (24) AT
UPI 01-28-81 08:09 APS
UPI Broadcast Wire, 1969
FIFTEENTH WORLD IN BRIEF
THE FIRST MEN ON THE MOON...THE CONTINUING SAGA OF MAN'S GREATEST
ADVENTURE FROM THE WIRES OF U-P-I...
(INSERT HERE THE LATEST SUB APOLLO)
ELSEWHERE IN THE WORLD...THESE OTHER ITEMS IN THE NEWS...
(EDGARTOWN, MASSACHUSETTS)---WHILE SENATOR EDWARD KENNEDY RESTS
UNDER A DOCTOR'S CARE, POLICE PREPARE TO FILE CHARGES OF LEAVING
THE SCENE OF A FATAL ACCIDENT AGAINST HIM. AN ACCIDENT, IN WHICH
KENNEDY'S CAR WENT INTO A POND NEAR EDGARTOWN, MASSACHUSETTS AND
KILLED A WOMAN COMPANION, WAS NOT REPORTED BY KENNEDY UNTIL NINE
HOURS AFTER IT HAPPENED.
IN THE MIDEAST, THESE DEVELOPMENTS...
EGYPT CLAIMS TO HAVE SHOT DOWN 17 ISRAELI PLANES TODAY IN THE
HEAVIEST FIGHTING SINCE THE SIX-DAY 1967 MIDEAST WAR. ISRAEL ADMITTED
LOSING TWO PLANES AND SAID IT SHOT DOWN FIVE EGYPTIAN JETS IN
CLASHES ALONG THE SUEZ CANAL FRONT.
(SAIGON)---GENERAL EARLE WHEELER RULES OUT A COMPLETE U-S
WITHDRAWAL FROM VIETNAM BY THE END OF 1970. WHEELER, CHAIRMAN OF
THE JOINT CHIEFS OF STAFF HAS BEEN TOURING VIETNAM. HE ALSO
DISCOUNTED THE MONTH-LONG LULL IN FIGHTING AS A COMMUNIST POLITICAL
(PARIS)---THE PARIS PEACE TALKS ARE STALEMATED AGAIN...A FREEZE
EXPECTED TO CONTINUE UNTIL PRESIDENT NIXON RETURNS TO THE WHITE HOUSE
FROM HIS ASIAN TOUR.
(HAVANA)---EIGHT SOVIET WARSHIPS ARRIVED IN HAVANA TODAY ON AN
OFFICIAL VISIT TO CELEBRATE TWO NATIONAL HOLIDAYS...JULY 26,
THE ANNIVERSARY OF THE CUBAN REVOLUTION, AND THE FOLLOWING DAY,
RUSSIA'S NAVY DAY.
A CEASE-FIRE IS GENERALLY BEING OBSERVED IN CENTRAL AMERICA
WITH TEAMS FROM THE ORGANIZATION OF AMERICAN STATES POLICING THE
STOP IN THE SHOOTING BETWEEN EL SALVADOR AND HONDURAS.
(WASHINGTON)---FEDERAL AIR TRAFFIC CONTROLLERS ARE SIGNING AND
STOCKPILING RESIGNATIONS BECAUSE THE FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION
RECENTLY THREATENED TO DISCIPLINE THEM FOR A SICK-CALL BOYCOTT LAST
(JODRELL BANK, ENGLAND)---RUSSIA'S LUNA-15 SATELLITE IS PASSING
OVER THE APOLLO-11 LANDING SITE AT AN ALTITUDE OF A LITTLE LESS
THAN 10 MILES...BUT THERE IS STILL NO CLUE AS TO ITS MISSION.
(FARRAGUT STATE PARK, IDAHO)---THOUSANDS OF SCOUTS ATTENDING
THEIR NATIONAL JAMBOREE AT FARRAGUT STATE PARK IN IDAHO CHEERED
LUSTILY WHEN THEY LEARNED FELLOW SCOUTS NEIL ARMSTRONG AND EDWIN
ALDRIN HAD LANDED ON THE MOON.
(WASHINGT0N)---WATCHING TELEVISION DURING THE MOON LANDING
PRESIDENT NIXON TERMED THE ACHIEVEMENT "THE GREATEST MOMENT OF
Anyone who worked in radio or TV stations prior to the computer and satellite era, which began in the early '80s, will remember how the news they delivered on the air reached them. The main source was by teleprinters connected to telephones lines being fed by a news gathering companies including United Press which later became United Press International (UPI).
E.W. Scripps founded United Press Association in 1907 overturning the Associated Press' worldwide monopolistic grip on U.S. news dissemination. In 1935, UP became the first major American news service to supply news to radio stations. United Press merged in 1958 with William Randolph Hearst's International News Service (INS) and was renamed United Press International.
The Model 15 teletype printer was the workhorse of printers (clackers) and was one of a few machines that remained in production for many many decades. It was introduced in 1935 and remained in production until 1963, a total of 28 years of continuous production. It became the mainstay of U.S. military communications in WWI with 200,000 built. It was a reliable, heavy-duty machine with a cast frame that required regular maintenance.
The dedicated teleprinter tied to a pair of leased copper wires was made functionally obsolete by the fax, personal computers, inkjet printers, broadband, satellites and the Internet beginning in the early '80s.
The economic demise of United Press International in 1993 left long-time rival the Associated Press as the only nationally-oriented news service based in the United States.
Model 15 KSR Teletype was the most popular teletype printer for many years. A frequent problem with the machines, other than running out of paper in the middle of the night when the station was off the air and nobody around, was the paper jamming, always a source of consternation when the on-air personnel arrived for work early in the morning when the station signed on the to find no teletype copy to read, the news readers had to search for other sources of news, including the pages of newspapers. More often than not the nighttime operator would catch hell over this. Many station would have 2 teletype machines running overnight in case one failed.
(Courtesy of the Museum of Communications, Seattle (Duwamish), Washington.)
News Delivered To Radio Stations By Teletype Systems
A Model 15 KSR at work with distinctive clatter sound both with the cover on and off exposing the thousands mechanical parts.